©copyright August 2014 Karsonya Wise Whitehead
I would like to write you a love letter about peace/ of a time when black men, like black panthers, roamed free/ of a place where black bodies were not endangered and black life was not criminalized.
Alas, I am not old enough to remember life back that far (if it ever even existed in this country).
Neither am I old enough to remember life before Brown.
I suspect (though) that it was not much different than it is now in places like Ferguson and New York and Florida/ places across America where the crime of breathing while black is still punishable by death.
I used to be afraid of white sheets (wouldn’t even use them on my bed) ‘till folks traded them in for blue uniforms/ and then traded their wooden crosses for bully clubs.
My heart always skips a beat when a cop’s car is behind me while I’m driving at night/ and though you are not old enough to drive, I am already frightened by the day when you are stopped for the crime of driving while black.
There are days when being black in America overwhelms me and makes me want to spend the day in bed/ and times when being the black mother of a black boy in America makes me wish I had enough money to move you somewhere where I could keep you safe.
Safe from them—the ones who see your life as expendable and unnecessary/ and from us—those who look at you without realizing that you are a mirror that simply reflects them.
I often think about slavery and how different life was when you could see the hand that held the chain that was attached to the ball that was tied to your ankle.
We come from a people who experienced this daily and still chose to survive.
Survival is our legacy.
And since we survived the Middle Passage as involuntary passages on a trip that sealed our fate/ And we survived slavery, whips and latches by learning how to give way and stay small/ And we survived the Civil War by claiming freedom at the hands of those who looked like our oppressors
—surviving is our goal.
We are a long-willed stubborn people.
Who survived sharecropping and the period called the nadir,
The Great Depression, Vietnam, Reaganomics, and crack cocaine.
We are a stubborn and strong-willed people.
Who survived lynchings, cross burnings, and being terrorized for wanting to vote and for trying to reclaim our voices.
We who have been beaten and starved,
Disenfranchised and disempowered,
Overlooked and ignored,
Underpaid and underrepresented.
We survived because we are strong-willed and stubborn.
And though there are times when we are like strangers in a foreign land/ we look around and wonder how we got here/ we take stock and realize how little we actually have/ we wonder how long we will continue to suffer and die at the hands of both the oppressor and of the oppressed
—we survive anyway.
Because survival is our legacy.
There are days when I look at the two of you and my heart swells with pride
As I think about all that you use to be and all that you can become,
And then I stop and catch my breath/ I grab my chest and clutch my pearls/
I blink back tears and shake my head/
for I am sure that the mother of every unarmed black boy who has died
kneeling at the feet of a racist system where guilty verdicts are meted out
—one chokehold at a time
—one gunshot at a time
—one lynching at a time
—one whipping at a time.
I think of them daily (what black mother of black boys doesn’t)
I try to speak their names/ going back as far as I can remember/ adding new names daily.
I do it so that I can remember/ so that the two of you can’t forget/ so that together we can add their names and their lives to the wind so that a piece of them and this moment will remain at this place/ even though we will move on one day
We are survivors.
We are stubborn.
We are strong-willed.
Survival is our legacy and surviving everyday—in this system—is our goal.
Until that day…
Book Club Discussion Guide for “Notes From a Colored Girl: The Civil War Pocket Diaries of Emilie Frances Davis”
A rare glimpse into the thoughts and experiences of a free
black American woman in the nineteenth century
© 2014 Karsonya Wise Whitehead
In Notes from a Colored Girl, Karsonya Wise Whitehead examines the life and experiences of Emilie Frances Davis, a freeborn twenty-one-year-old mulatto woman, through a close reading of three pocket diaries she kept from 1863 to 1865. Whitehead explores Davis’s worldviews and politics, her perceptions of both public and private events, her personal relationships, and her place in Philadelphia’s free black community in the nineteenth century. Although Davis’s daily entries are sparse, brief snapshots of her life, Whitehead interprets them in ways that situate Davis in historical and literary contexts that illuminate nineteenth-century black American women’s experiences. Whitehead’s contribution of edited text and original narrative fills a void in scholarly documentation of women who dwelled in spaces between white elites, black entrepreneurs, and urban dwellers of every race and class.
Whitehead delineates a narrative that grapples with the complexity of a free black woman’s lived experience during the Civil War. In the book, readers will have the opportunity to see how a historian takes a critical perspective to resurrect a black woman’s writing from a time period when their writing was limited and repressed. In this sense, readers can see how Whitehead is generating knowledge about the black female experience by developing and situating the narrative as part of a limited cannon of detailed personal accounts that describe the lives of everyday free black women during the Civil War. Additionally, by transcribing and reconstructing the life of Emilee Frances Davis, Whitehead provides an opportunity for readers to position Notes alongside other texts and engage in comparative analysis and interpretation that explores, for instance, the history of black Philadelphians and / or the diverse experiences of black free women during the Civil War.
*Questions for the Book Club:
What were the dominant social scripts about black women during the Civil War?
How do Emilie’s diaries, as a public record, challenge and / or affirm the social scripts and narratives written about black women during the civil war?
Although Emilie enjoyed certain liberties as a free woman, in what ways was she still unsafe as a black woman living in the Philadelphia?
How did racial, gender, and economic inequality work through institutional structures and social practices in Philadelphia during this time period?
How might the reconstructed life of Emilie Frances Davis be different if it were written from the gaze of a white male perspective in contrast to a black female perspective?
In what ways might Whitehead be working to disrupt the collective imagination about black women during the Civil War?
How does Emilie’s life disrupt, challenge, or confirm understandings of black women as intellectuals during the later part of the nineteenth century?
How does Emilie Frances Davis, the pocket diary writer, push contemporary understandings of who can be knowledge generators?
How is shame experienced in raced, classed, and gendered ways in Emilie’s pocket diaries?
How did power relations between men and women, and between women, shape Emilie’s lived experiences?
How, if at all, does Emilie express a sense of cognitive dissonance between her life as a free woman and the lives of enslaved women during that time period?
How does Emilie read and understand how inequality shapes her life?
How, if at all, does she analyze social problems and take action?
How did Emilie’s social community help her navigate obstacles?
How did she negotiate her collective and individual identities?
• Birth—Columbia, South Carolina
• Reared—Washington, DC, USA
• Education—B.A., Lincoln University, PA; M.A., University of Notre Dame, Indiana; Ph.D., University of Maryland, Baltimore County, Baltimore, MD.
• Currently—lives in Baltimore, MD
Dr. Whitehead is assistant professor of communication and African and African American studies in the Department of Communication at Loyola University Maryland; a motivational speaker; a Master Teacher in African American History; a curriculum writer and lesson plan developer; an award-winning former Baltimore City middle school teacher; and, a three-time New York Emmy-nominated documentary filmmaker. Dr. Whitehead was selected to participate in the 2013 and 2014 Black History Month Panel sponsored by President Obama and the Association for the Study of African American Life and History (ASALH): in February 2014, she was selected to moderate the panel on “African Americas in the Armed Services” and in February 2013, she was one of four experts selected nationwide to present on the topic of “At the Crossroads of Emancipation and Freedom.” Dr. Whitehead was also one of several feminist scholars selected to present at the 100th Anniversary Harriet Tubman Symposium at the University of Albany. She has received various fellowships and grants to support her work including a 2012 Gilder Lehrman Fellowship in American History and a 2010 NEH Summer Stipend.
She was recently selected as one of the top 25 women professors in Maryland by Online Schools Maryland; and she received the 2013 Loyola University Maryland’s Faculty Award for Excellence in Engaged Scholarship (presented to only one faculty member per year). Whitehead has also received the 2006 Gilder Lehrman Preserve America Maryland History Teacher of the Year Award (sponsored by the Gilder Lehrman Institute of American History and the Maryland State Department of Education); was one of fifty alumni to receive the Distinguished Black Alumni Award from the University of Notre Dame, Indiana (2005); and, was a winner of both the Langston Hughes, David Diop, Etheridge Knight Poetry Award (1999, 2000) and the Zora Neale Hurston Creative Writing Award (1998) from the Gwendolyn Brooks Creative Writing Center at the University of Chicago.
Dr. Whitehead has served as the Historical Consultant for a series of Emmy-award winning documentaries on Philadelphia; the guest editor for the 2014 edition of ASALH’s Black History Bulletin; and the Historical Content Editor for Red Lion Press’ Children’s Historical Fiction Graphic Novel Series, released in Fall 2010. She has worked with over 2500 K-12 teachers throughout the country through lectures and workshops throughout the country, training them in how to become culturally responsive teachers in diverse environments. She wrote and helped to create Cr. Camille Cosby and Renee Poussaint’s Civil Rights Movement website With All Deliberate Speed and has written lesson plans for schools, museums, and cultural centers; and state and local history curriculums. Dr. Whitehead is the author of three books: Sparking the Genius: The Carter G. Woodson Lecture (Apprentice House 2/14); Notes from a Colored Girl: The Civil War Pocket Diaries of Emilie Frances Davis (USC Press, 5/14); and The Emancipation Proclamation: Race Relations on the Eve of Reconstruction (Routledge, 10/14); and the editor of The Emilie Davis Companion Reader (Apprentice House, 5/14).
Dr. Whitehead is also an internationally renowned motivational speaker that has spoken to adults, teenagers, and children around the country, a prolific blogger, and a frequent guest on radio and television. Dr. Whitehead is also a wife and a mother of two teenage boys.
“‘To day has bin a memorable day. I thank God I have bin here to see it.’ So begins the pocket diaries of free black woman Emilie Davis of Philadelphia on the day of Emancipation at the midpoint of the Civil War. Her words also capture my feelings in seeing Davis’s diaries published under the expert eye of Karsonya Wise Whitehead, whose scholarly annotations not only set the scene but reveal how this ‘everyday’ domestic-dressmaker’s decision to record her thoughts at the critical hours of the African American journey was itself an emancipatory act.”–Henry Louis Gates, Jr., Alphonse Fletcher University Professor, Harvard University
“With Notes from a Colored Girl Karsonya Whitehead has painstakingly rendered the obscure visible and shed light on a singular figure whose life is a stand-in for millions of unknown stories. This is history at its most democratic and scholarship at its most vital.”–William Jelani Cobb, associate professor of history and director, Institute of African American Studies, University of Connecticut
“This is a remarkable glimpse into the head of a Civil War-era African American woman. Emilie Davis’s perspective shows her full consciousness of her role as a privileged urbanite. Whitehead’s insightful historical/literary contextualization of Davis’s journal makes this an invaluable contribution to our understanding of nineteenth-century communities.”–Emma Lapsansky-Werner, professor of history, Haverford College
“Notes from a Colored Girl is a beautiful testament to the personal life of a single free black woman, superbly reconstructed within the social, political, and religious life of free people of color in Civil War Philadelphia. Karsonya Wise Whitehead’s meticulous attention to detail brings Emilie Francis Davis – a literate woman participating in and shaping the spaces of a free society near the contested borders of slavery – and her personal writings to life. Emilie’s diary is an enduring legacy of the mundane and the extraordinary, carrying us through everyday moments of joy and tragedy, of sewing, socializing, church and school, all within the larger contextual landscape of a nation in upheaval and a community undergoing change. Whitehead treats us with a rare glimpse into a spirited and articulate single woman’s interior world, revealing how she navigated the worlds of work, friendships, religion, family, politics, and community. A great addition to interdisciplinary studies, Notes from a Colored Girl is perfect for exploring the historic contours of race, gender, faith, freedom and community in the nation’s most vibrant biracial city of the age.”–Kate Clifford Larson, Ph.D., author, Bound For the Promised Land: Harriet Tubman, Portrait of an American Hero
*BookClub discussion questions were developed by Conra Gist. “A Black Feminist Translation: Reading Life, Pedagogy, and Emilie” in The Emilie Frances Davis Companion Reader, (Apprentice House: Baltimore, MD, 2014): 15-16.
Book Release Countdown: “Notes from a Colored Girl: The Civil War Pocket Diaries of Emilie Frances Davis”
I have been working on the diaries of Emilie Frances Davis since 2005 and I am absolutely delighted to announce that finally (finally!) the book is coming out! It is scheduled to be released by the University of South Carolina Press on May 18, 2014. I would suggest that you preorder it, that way you won’t have to keep reminding yourself to buy it!
Barnes & Noble: http://www.barnesandnoble.com/w/notes-from-a-colored-girl-karsonya-wise-whitehead/1117352313?ean=9781611173529
This was originally published in The Baltimore Sun on 2/20/2014.
In the days leading up to the end of the Michael Dunn “loud music” case — in which a white Florida man shot and killed a 17-year-old black teen after getting into an argument over the boy’s so-called “thug” music — I was overwhelmed with feelings of restlessness, worry, frustration and fear.
CFP: Call for Articles and Lesson Plans for an edited volume based upon the Civil War pocket diaries of Emilie Frances Davis, a freeborn black woman
Articles and Lesson Plan proposals are invited for an edited book titled “The Emilie Frances Davis Companion Reader” (Apprentice House, May 2014).
The book will be a supplement to the forthcoming “Notes from a Colored Girl: The Civil War Pocket Diaries of Emilie Frances Davis,” (USC Press, May 2014) written by Karsonya Wise Whitehead, Ph.D.
Emilie was a freeborn black woman who lived in Philadelphia during the United State Civil War. From 1863-1865, she recorded her daily activities in three leather-bound pocket diaries. In “Notes,” Whitehead provides a transcription of Davis’ diaries and reconstructs her life by exploring her worldviews and politics, her perceptions of both public and private events, her personal relationships, and her place in Philadelphia’s free black community in the nineteenth century.
The editors welcome articles and lesson plans written for students in either K-5th grade; 6th-8th grade Social Studies; or high school history courses. Each lesson plan will use entries from Davis’s diary to help students connect her life to theirs. Lesson plans are needed in the followingareas:
Articles and Lesson Plans should be no more than 15 double-spaced pages, including endnotes. Please note, The Chicago Manual of Style must be used for citations.
The DEADLINE for all submissions is March 28, 2014.
“The Emilie Davis Companion Reader” will be co-edited by Dr. Conra Gist and Dr. Karsonya Wise Whitehead. Direct all questions and submissions to email@example.com and to receive entries from the diary.
*This was reposted from http://magazine.loyola.edu/issue/opinion/6080/8-things-to-consider-for-black-history-month
By Brigid Darragh
February 4, 2014
The Association for the Study of African American Life and History has selected Civil Rights in America as this year’s theme to mark the 50th anniversary of the 1964 Civil Rights Act.
Signed into law on July 2, 1964, by President Lyndon B. Johnson, the Civil Rights Act outlawed major forms of discrimination against racial, ethnic, national, and religious minorities and women. It made illegal the unequal application of voter registration requirements and racial segregation in schools, at the workplace, and by public facilities.
Fifty years following the signing of this landmark piece of legislation into law, what should we be thinking and talking about this month?
Kaye Whitehead, Ph.D., offers some topics to consider.
Whitehead is an assistant professor of communication and African and African American Studies at Loyola University Maryland.
She is also a historian and Master Teacher in African American History, and a three-time New York Emmy-nominated documentary filmmaker.
Her new book, Sparking the Genius, expands on a lecture about Carter G. Woodson’s 1933 work, The Mis-Education of the Negro, which challenged readers to think about the importance of sparking the genius in young people in a world where obstacles for race, gender, and religion still prohibit people from becoming who and all they might be.
This month, Whitehead will be giving talks at several universities and conferences around the country on Black history, contemporary issues, and Sparking the Genius, which hit bookstore shelves last week.
She will be discussing the following in her classes and on public radio during Black History Month.
The 50th anniversaries of:
1. Freedom Summer
Also known as the Mississippi Summer Project, Freedom Summer was a campaign launched in June 1964 with the goal to register as many African-American voters as possible in Mississippi, which had a history of excluding blacks from voting.
It was organized by the Council of Federated Organizations (COFO), a coalition of the Mississippi branches of the four major civil rights organizations (SNCC, CORE, NAACP and SCLC).
The Mississippi Summer Project set up dozens of Freedom Schools, Freedom Houses, and community centers in small towns throughout the state to aid African Americans.
2. The deaths of Schwerner, Chaney, and Goodman
Three American civil rights workers were killed by members of the Mississippi White Knights of the Ku Klux Klan, the Neshoba County’s Sheriff Office, and the Philadelphia Police Department in Philadelphia, Mississippi, in June 1964, for their participation in Freedom Summer and helping blacks to register to vote.
Their murders sparked national outrage and a massive federal investigation; outrage over their deaths assisted in the passing of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and the Voting Rights Act of 1965.
3. The founding of the Organization of Afro-American Unity (OAAU) by Malcolm X
The goal of the OAAU was to fight for the human rights of African Americans and promote cooperation among Africans and people of African descent in the Americas. The OAAU also focused on voter registration, school boycotts, housing rehabilitation, rent strikes, and social programs for addicts, unwed mothers, and troubled children.
4. The Harlem Race Riots
Riots broke out in the Harlem section of New York City following the shooting of James Powell in July 1964. The incident set off six consecutive nights of rioting that affected the neighborhoods of Harlem and
Bedford-Stuyvesant. Four thousand people participated in the riots, vandalizing, looting, and attacking the New York City Police Department.
The Harlem Race Riot is said to be the precipitating event for riots that took place later that summer in Philadelphia, Rochester, Chicago, and in several cities in northern New Jersey.
5. The founding of the Mississippi Freedom Democratic Party (MFDP)
Created in Mississippi during the civil rights movement, the MFDP was organized by black and white Americans and sought to challenge the legitimacy of the white-only U.S Democratic Party.
6. Dr. King and the Nobel Peace Prize
Fifty years ago, at the age of thirty-five, Martin Luther King, Jr., was the youngest man to have received the Nobel Peace Prize. When notified of his selection, Dr. King announced that he would give the prize money of $54,123 to the furthering of the civil rights movement.
As for contemporary black history issues, Whitehead will be discussing Black Twitter and the Classroom to Prison Pipeline.
7. Black Twitter is a modern trend that is changing the way people discuss and take action on current issues and events, one hashtag at a time. Defined as a “cultural identity” on the Twitter social network, it focuses on issues of interest to the black community.
“Black Twitter is a place where African Americans meet on social media to talk about an issue or share information. There’s a movement behind it, and some of the things that trend are really good and can make a change. It gets other things to trend that are of importance or relevance,” Whitehead says.
Black Twitter has gained momentum during such events as the George Zimmerman trial following the fatal shooting of Trayvon Martin in February, Fast Company’s list of the top 25 most influential females in business (in which not a single black woman was recognized), and Paula Deen’s racist comments on television, to name a few from 2013.
“It can be a very effective organizing tool because it’s used as a way to organize and talk about issues, and it can also have a revolutionary side,” says Whitehead.
What’s trending on Black Twitter now?
“A lot of black poetry. Also the notion of Black History Month versus BH365—shouldn’t we be celebrating year round?”
8. The Classroom to Prison Pipeline refers to the one million African American people who are currently incarcerated in the United States. According to a 2012 study, roughly 2.3 million people are in prison in the U.S.
“We are finding there are more and more students who get to high school, drop out at age 16, and end up in prison. They are not being pushed towards college or a trade,” Whitehead explains.
“In 2012, 84% of African American fourth graders were reading below grade level. The same year, 47% of African American males dropped out of high school at age 16. With those statistics in mind, where else are you going but prison? You can’t read, you can’t write, you don’t have the basic tools needed for a job,” Whitehead says.
Her book, Sparking the Genius, poses the challenge of sparking the genius in the young people around us: “How do we dismantle and disrupt this classroom to prison pipeline? How do we get young people studying and reading? How can we get students to have a better knapsack of all the things they need to succeed?”
Whitehead believes the key is to foster the ability for students to imagine themselves somewhere different, more than what they are now, better than current circumstances.
“If we can we get them to close their eyes and see where they want to be—and then open their eyes and make that happen—we can create change.”
Whitehead joins Marc Steiner on the Marc Steiner Show on Wednesday, February 5, to talk about these issues and more, and she will be blogging about Black History throughout the month on her website.
Her second book, Notes from a Colored Girl: The Civil War Pocket Diaries of Emilie Frances Davis, is due out in May.
On The Road to Becoming the Person that You Were Born to Be!
At the front of my new book, “Sparking the Genius: The 2013 Carter G. Woodson Lecture,” I include a poem for my children to spark their genius where I encourage them to “Commit themselves to becoming the people that they were always meant to be.” This idea, of using words to spark their genius, was taught to me by my father after he read Carter G. Woodson’s book, “The Mis-Education of the Negro.” Woodson argues that,
“The same educational process which inspires and stimulates the oppressor with the thought that he is everything and has accomplished everything worth while, depresses and crushes at the same time the spark of genius in the Negro by making him feel that his race does not amount to much and never will measure up to the standards of other peoples. The Negro thus educated is a hopeless liability of the race.” [emphasis added]
My dad said that his job as a father consisted of more than just bying shoes and clothes; but, that he was charged with a lifelong mission to spark my genius and teach me how to spark the genius of everyone around me. In 2013, when I was first asked to deliver the Woodson Lecture at the 2013 ASALH Convention, my goal was to write something that could be used to help to spark the genius of every young person who was struggling with trying to understand who they are and why they are here. To that end, I wrote the Lecture and worked to have it published as a book. It is my small contribution to add to the arsenal of weapons that we need in order to save every young person in our community in an effort to save our community. It is a lofty goal but I believe that if everyone contributes something to the arsenal then our bag of tricks, weapons, tools will never be empty.